Solution Focused Therapy
A Solution Focused Brief Therapy (SFBT) focuses on identifying elements of the desired solution, which are usually already present in the individual’s life. The therapy aims to build on these elements, which form the basis for ongoing change rather than going over past events. In this way it is a future focused treatment.
Rather than searching for the causes of the problem, the focus is on defining the changes and making them a reality. The two key therapeutic issues are understanding how the individual wants his or her life to be different, and what it will take to make it happen and what hurdles are likely to arise.
Creating a detailed picture of what it will be like when life is better creates a feeling of hope, and this makes the solution seem possible. SBFT helps the client focus on the future and how it will be better when things change. It uses the development of a set of specific, detailed goals to drive the therapy process and keep it focused.
SBFT is a process that helps people change by constructing solutions rather than dwelling on problems.
This type of therapy tends to be shorter-term than traditional psychotherapy.
Steve de Shazer and Insoo Kim Berg of the Brief Family Therapy Center in Milwaukee are the originators of this form of therapy.