What is the difference between a Psychologist and a Psychiatrist?

What is the difference between a Psychologist and a Psychiatrist?

Both psychologists and psychiatrists treat people with and work in the areas of mental illness. Psychologists mainly help people learn to function better and improve their quality of life without the use of medication. Often people may be medicated short term and sent to a psychologist to learn skills to support them long term. Psychologists do not have a medical degree and cannot prescribe medication. Their treatments are based on changing behaviour and thought processes without the use of medication.

Psychiatrists usually treat people who have a mental illness that requires long-term support both medically, such as with medication, and emotionally. A psychiatrist would often treat people who have a mental illness such as schizophrenia or Bipolar Disorders. Psychiatrists have to be registered with the Medical Board in order to practice.